The calls for political change across the Middle East and North Africa have come hand in hand with demands for legal reform and, in many cases, with calls to hold deposed leaders and regime elites, who have long-acted with impunity in their countries, legally accountable for their actions.
To transit from decades of authoritarian rule to liberal democracy demands more than the establishment of democratic procedures, such as electoral processes. Rather, it requires a “normative shift in understandings of justice and law’s role” in the country. In a region where law has been treated as a tool of arbitrary power, used by regime elites to serve private objectives and to entrench the status quo, this transformative understanding not only requires rehabilitating the notion of the “rule of law”, but also demands that the law be used by transitional governments both to maintain order as well as to achieve real political change.
Objectives of the project:
Examining challenges, opportunities and obstacles confronting the transitional justice process.
Overcoming these obstacles by drawing on and analyzing the experiences of different countries that underwent periods of transition similar to the current situation in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya, and to what may be expected in other Arab countries as well.
Exploring methods and thinking strategies to address past violations of human rights. A special focus will be given to mechanisms to examine and reform state institutions, particularly in regards to security and judicial reform and measures for offering reparations.
The MCC program seeks to highlight:
1-The role of Mass Media in Morocco and the Arab World: How Media impact people’s mind orientation, the monopoly of media by governments, ways to free media from the political power.
2-The cultural problematic: the Mass Media in Morocco and the Arab world have a tendency to lump “The Arab World” into one cohesive mass, with no differentiation between the cultures of countries that are considered as Arab.
The aim: how can media, unveil, treat and represent the diversity of the Arab societies without dividing them.
3- The cultural, technical and political variables that led to use social media for mobilizing protesters during the Arab uprising: The recent events have brought ‘social media such as Facebook, weblogs and Twitter at the forefront of the uprising. Despite the social media’s effectiveness, a lot need to be understood about the role, the true impact and strategies it played during the recent events and their convergence with not only mainstream media but also with street demonstrations.
The program aims at empowering the civil society through training and monitoring to influence the World Bank and other international financial institutions to promote social and economic justice.
The program highlights the role, operations and impacts of international financial institutions (IFIs) in the Arab World and how can the civil society impact the IFIs strategies and decision.
Renewable energy is a source of security in the economic, social and environmental landscape, particularly when a range of complementary sources of energy is exploited. They reduce dependence on fossil fuel and improve energy independence, renewable energy contribute to the reduction of conflicts over energy interests.
Renewable energy field creates jobs; it is a promoting factor in Morocco and the Arab world in political, economic, environmental and educational sectors
This program aims at :
Thinking of the elements of a sustainable energy policy in Morocco.
Participating in promoting the skills, knowledge and public awareness for development in the fields of energy.
Focusing and re-enforcing the capacities in terms of politics, economy, and political science, media, and educational at the service of sustainable development and ensuring environmental sustainability.
This program targets the major problem of youth in the Arab World which is Unemployment.
The future of the Arab World has no perspectives with an extremely high youth unemployment rate of 26 per cent and 70 per cent of youth want to migrate out of the region.
The program aims at:
Thinking about a new labor public policy and laboring strategies and alternatives to resolve the issue of the youth unemployment in the Arab World.
Treating the other sides effect of unemployment (psychological, social, economic effects…)
It is an open program, targeting discussions on different themes and topics from diverse scientific fields.
The program aims at:
Doing scientific research and studies.
– Scientific conferences.
– Brainstorm discussion between experts.
Inviting international scientists to give conferences on different scientific fields: ”The IHARE Guests”.
The Academy seeks to consolidate the culture of human rights in the Moroccan society, starting with human rights defenders themselves, lawyers, journalists, government officials such as the police & security, the civil society actors and the general public as a whole. Through workshops and training sessions, we will adopt methods tailored to the various groups.
The project aims at filling the vacuum at the level of training the human rights specialists themselves, and the general public.
The project has two major goals:
* Short term:
– Give a scientific knowledge, defense mechanisms, advocacy and mobilization methods against the violations committed for the benefit of human rights defenders and the civil society actors, lawyers and journalists.
– Training sessions for the police and the security services.
* Long term: mainstreaming and strengthening the culture of human right and simplified methods to different groups of society.
The project looks at:
*Supporting and strengthening the rule of law, the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession.
* Making national legislations consistent with international pacts.
*Reinforcing fair trials in accordance with international standards.
* Implanting and disseminating values and principles of human rights.
* Strengthening principles of international criminal justice and legitimacy.
* Advancing the level of legal education in Morocco.